The Botanical Garden of Shanghai City covers an area of 81.86 hectares, whose predecessor was Longhua Nursery established in 1954. In Apr. 1978, it was opened to the public, and has hosted 10 million tourists since its foundation. In 1996, it was appraised as one of the fondest tourist attractions by overseas people. In 2000, it was also appraised as the good tourist attraction of “Jun. 1” holidays in the new millennium. Botanical Garden of Shanghai City is a specialized garden, which gathers the functions of science research, education of science popularization, tour and production as an integral whole. What are established in this garden are a dozen specialized gardens such as the miniascape garden, peony garden, sweet osmanthus garden, rose garden, alder garden, pine garden, herbal medicine garden, bamboo garden and orchid room, etc. The miniascape garden covers an area of 4 hectares, gathers more than 2,000 treasures of miniascapes that represent the Shanghai style, and is one of the biggest miniascape gardens in the world. Covering an area of 11,150 square meters, the newly-rebuilt orchid room is a large-sized place of enjoying and breeding the orchid with the style of Chinese classic gardens. The horizontal hanging placard “Orchid Room” that was written by Zhu De himself is highly suspended above the gate lintel. The “Orchid Room” has already collected a large quantity of famous orchids given by the Chairman of the Committee Zhu De, the famous patriotic general Zhang Xueliang and the Japanese friends. And the orchids are close to 300 species. The expanded orchid room is divided into three areas: the potted-style demonstration area, natural-style demonstration area, and courtyard-style demonstration area. All of them construct an original ecosystem environment of orchids. *A* In 2001, the exhibition glasshouse has been completed. It covers an area of 4,900 square meters, and has its height of 29.4 meters. The internal sight arrangement of glasshouse focuses on two big topics of the tropical rain forest and the garden of four seasons, and it displays more than 3,500 species plants from all parts of the world. In order to meet the social requirements and market demands, the Botanical Garden of Shanghai City develops comprehensively from the aspects of science research and garden greening, etc. The subordinate economic entities, making use of their own advantages, apply themselves to the greening cause of Shanghai City, such as the Green Engineering Company of Botanical Garden of Shanghai, Miniascape Greening Management Company of Botanical Garden of Shanghai, Green Decoration Company of Botanical Garden of Shanghai and Green Maintenance Company of Botanical Garden of Shanghai. Contact info. : Address: No.1111, Longwu Road, Xuhui District Postcode: 200231 Tel: 021-54363369 Fax: Website: www.shbg.net.cn
Located in the southwest of Shanghai and next to the commercial center of Xujiahui, Longhua is the only ancient city with a thousand years in the central city area of international metropolis Shanghai. The Longhua Tourism Area is composed of the old-line Longhua ancient temple, Longhua ancient tower, Longhua tourism city, and Longhua martyrs’ cemetery, which gathers the folk culture, Buddhism culture and traditional culture of revolution as an integral whole. n Longhua tourism city, the fresh and simple architectures of civilian residence style in the lower reaches of Yangtze River add radiance and beauty to the architectures of temple, and form the following scenes: the surfaces of those architectures are covered with shining scaly tiles; the tower is encircled by corridors and bridges; two stone lions are standing before a door; the back streets are serpentine, quiet and secluded. All these give us the reappearance of the ancient towns’ style and features in the lower reaches of Yangtze River. In Longhua Temple, the activity of hearing the bell is held per day. And the Buddhist ceremonies are held per month, with the activities of celebrating festivals and holidays of four seasons being held one after another. Other activities of “Bumping the bell with no title” “Beating the drum to usher the New Year in” and “Longhua Temple Fair” etc. are really in riotous profusion and conviviality. The main scenes are as follows: The flying pagoda of a thousand years—Longhua Tower. Tradition has it that the tower was first built in times of Chiwu of East Wu Dynasty in the period of Three Kingdoms, and it has a history of more than 1,750 years. Moreover, it is the most long-standing one of those existing ancient towers of Shanghai City. Whenever at night, the bright brilliant light shines upon the tower, and constructs the wonderful atmosphere of a fantasy sort, and therefore it enjoys a good reputation of “Oriental Colored Glaze Light”. The famous temple at sea—Longhua Ancient Temple is a Buddhism assembling place with great renown and is also a famous tourist attraction, which boasts the most long-standing history and the most magnificent size among all existing ones in Shanghai. Gate guarded by two stone lions is an Ancient Mountain Gate. The existing Ancient Mountain Gate is originally the entrance of Longhua City. A pair of stone lions of Ming Dynasty is erected in front of the doorposts. Tradition has it that there are only two and a half pairs in the Yangtze-Chekiang region. The Longhua Tourism city has alone got a pair, and it can really be regarded as uniqueness. Three buildings of the Ancient city --Longhua Building, Jingu Building and Zhenqu Building, totally cover an area of 60,000 square meters and are a group of buildings with the civilian residence style in the lower reaches of Yangtze River. The three buildings are dexterously connected with the antique corridors, pavilions and terraces, which gather the tour, sightseeing, table delicacies, culture, entertainment, leisure and bodybuilding as an integral whole. Moreover, such scenes can’t be missed as “The wandering dragon in bright mirror” “The tower encircled by corridors and bridges” “Longhua Big Drum” “Timbal of Ancient Yue Dynasty” “Maitreya playing with a hundred children” and “Monument with loyal hearts”, etc.. Contact info. : Address: No.2865, Longhua Road, Shanghai. Postcode: 200232 Tel: 021-64566899 Fax: (86) 21-54103414 Website: www.longhuacity.com
The construction of Longhua Revolutionary Martyr’s Cemetery experienced a rather longer historical period. When the “Remains of Longhua 24 Martyrs” were dug out from the Longhua area in 1950, the revolutionists of older generation just emerged a wish of constructing the Longhua Revolutionary Martyr’s Cemetery here to console the martyrs. In 1957, Shanghai Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government of Communist Party of China collected the overall design project of “Longhua Martyrs’ Cemetery” from the correlative designing institutes and universities of the whole nation, and worked out plans and preparations, but didn’t implement them due to some reasons. In 1963, Shanghai Municipal Party Committee of Communist Party of China drew up again to construct the memorial park of the Longhua Martyrs. At the original foundation of Longhua Park, Shanghai Municipal Party Committee made a requisition on land, encircled the park with fences, made the park green, and erected “a red rock” at the entrance of the park. In 1966, the plan was broken off because of “Cultural Revolution”. In Dec.1983, after Xia Zhixu, the wife of the martyr Zhao Shiyan, came to Longhua area of Shanghai, she submitted a memorial to central government and suggested to construct a Longhua Martyrs’ Cemetery. Deng Xiaoping wrote instructions on it on the 14th in that month. In Feb. of the next year, Shanghai Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government of Communist Party of China submitted the Asking For Instructions on Preparing to Construct The Longhua Revolutionary Martyr’s Cemetery and Report on Asking for Instructions on The Overall Designing Project of The Longhua Revolutionary Martyr’s Cemetery to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council. And in Apr. 14 of the same year, the Central Committee approved it. In 1987, Jiang Zemin, who took the post as Secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee at that time, arranged the work of preparing to construct the Longhua Revolutionary Martyr’s Cemetery in schedule. In Jan. 1988, the State Council authorized “Longhua Revolution Martyrs Memorial Palace” as the key unit of cultural relics under the national protection. In Oct. 1990, Jiang Zemin wrote “Loyal Hearts and Righteous Blood for The People” for the Monument of Longhua Martyrs’ Cemetery, and Deng Xiaoping wrote its name. In Feb. 1991, Chen Yun wrote the name for its Hall. In Oct. 1993, according to the instructions of the State Council, the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People’s Republic of China granted moving the Martyrs’ Cemetery of Shanghai City into the Longhua Revolutionary Martyr’s Cemetery so as to be constructed together. The completed Longhua Revolutionary Martyr’s Cemetery of Shanghai City would be the key unit of martyrs’ memorial building under national protection. In accordance with this instruction, the construction engineering of Longhua Revolutionary Martyr’s Cemetery started up on May 27, 1994. On Apr. 5, 1995, the civil engineering was completed. On July 1, it was opened to the society, and its memorial hall was opened to the public on May 28, 1997. she has suffered the great historical humiliation by the colonization and aggression of imperialist powers and the reactionaries’ activities of going against the trend of times. However, a large quantity of excellent Chinese offsprings contributed tremendous achievements for national liberation, prosperity and power, which have made her possess of extremely special honor. The solemn and stirring combat movement in modern history of Shanghai was composed of the cannons’ thunder of Wu Songkou, fluttering righteous flags of Penknife Party and repeated shots of Revolution of 1911. In Jul. 1921, the Communist Party of China was solemnly founded in Shanghai, which was an earth-shattering great event. And since then Shanghai City has become a famous city of revolution in modern China and one of the main forts of the Chinese workers’ movements, the revolutionary movements of culture and the patriotic democracy movements of all democratic strata. In the new-democratic revolution movement led by Communist Party of China, the people of Shanghai followed in the steps of the glorious dead, struggled bravely, and finally gained victories of resisting foreign invasions and of the people’ liberation cause. When it entered the socialism period, the people of Shanghai achieved outstanding merits one after another, and created refulgence again in defending and constructing our country. On the beloved land of Shanghai, numerous Chinese Communists and the people with high ideals of all political parties, groups and strata initiated the great undertaking of lasting importance with their own blood and lives, and fostered a kind of lofty nation quality, revolutionary spirit and lofty manner. A martyr is just a monument of life. She makes clear to all: the road that the martyrs had walked through is the road of struggling, exploring and pursuing the truth ceaselessly, and a glorious road for life. Contact info. : Address: No.180, Longhua Road (West) Postcode: 200232 Tel: 021-64685995 Fax: 021-64382775 Website: www.slmmm.net
Longhua Temple is an ancient temple with the longest history and the biggest size in Shanghai prefecture. It is said that when in the period of Three Kingdoms, Sunquan of East Wu built this temple in order to show his filial piety to his mother in the 5th year of Chiwu (A.D.242), and it was named after the recordation of sutra that Bodhisattva Maitreya practised austerities to become a Buddha under the Longhua tree. Through repeated restorations, it has been resumed to its former appearance nowadays. Longhua tower is located in front of Longhua Temple, and tradition has it that it was first built in the 10th year of Chiwu (A.D.247). The current Longhua Temple was built in the years of Emperor Guangxu in Qing Dynasty, but it basically keeps the former appearance of Buddha Zen’s monastically seven-hall system in Song Dynasty. Moreover, it is a group of rather intact temple buildings. The temple treasures up the Buddhist sutras, golden stamps and statues of Buddha etc. of Tang Dynasty, Five Dynasties, Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. The palace of Longhua Temple is towering and glittering. And the statues of Buddha are solemn and dignified. Two points of these statues are distinctive. One is that because Longhua Temple is the rite of Buddhists, there are two Maitreya statues: the Bodhisattva statue of Maitreya, enshrined and worshiped in the Hall of Heavenly Kingand the statue of embodiment, enshrined and worshiped in the Hall of Maitreya as the so-called “Monk with A Cloth Bag”; the other is the Hall of Great Strength. Generally, there is whether “18 arhats” who propagandize the dharma Buddha or “20 gods” who protect the dharma of Buddha on the both sides of main statues of others’ halls, but inside the Longhua Temple, the arhats and gods assemble all together in the same hall. The existing Longhua Tower is constructed with bricks and woods, which is a seven-storey and eight-profile pagoda with a height of 40.4 meters. The tower looks orange with the temple’s pole soaring into the air, and its brick body and foundation are the protoplasts that were used in the construction in the 2nd year of Taipingxingguo of Song Dynasty (A.D.977). Each floor of this pagoda is with upturned eaves and curly balustrades, and its gesture is very grand and beautiful. Until now, the pagoda is preserved as the most perfect tower in Shanghai prefecture. On the east and west sides of Hall of Heavenly King in Longhua Temple, bell and drum towers were constructed there. The “Longhua Evening Bell” was ever one of the “Eight Scenes of Shanghai City” in times of Ming and Qing Dynasties. Since 1991, on Dec.31 annually, the activity of “tolling the Longhua evening bell to usher the New Year in” has attracted many domestic and foreign tourists. This activity has been decided as one of the state-class tourism items by National Tourism Administration . .