WORK IN XUHUI
The opening of Shanghai dock has experienced 100 years of historical vicissitude, which makes Xuhui District as a high-grade residential area. There are nearly 2,000 various garden buildings and traditional high-grade apartments in the district, which account for 41% of similar buildings in the city. The architectural styles of these buildings are widely different and spectacular, and another World Exposition of residential buildings was constructed besides the World Exposition in Waitan. In modern history, most distinguished foreign and domestic celebrities chose Xuhui as their residential area. The inosculation of the human history and the architectural culture endows buildings in Xuhui with elegant qualities. The quick and convenient traffic network has almost taken shape, and also become an important constituting part of the traffic system of the city. What makes the Xuhui become one of the districts with abundant traffic means and perfect traffic network are solid traffic networks, such as subways, light rails, viaduct, interior loop lines and main arteries of the city. The total area of the road in the district is 4.7 million sq. ms., and the area of road is 5.5 sq. ms. per capita. Nowadays, there are more than 60 bus lines, nearly 40 special lines for community, 10 special lines for tourism, and many traffic lines through the district. The whole greenery area is 985.24 ha. among which public greenbelt covers an area of 271.74 ha., the green covering ratop is 18.4%，and the area of public greenbelts is 3.2 sq. ms. per capita. There are a throng of riverways in Xuhui District, and the area of the water area accounts for more than 7%. Through management, riverways have almost been the conditions of clean water and green banks. Air pollution and gross amount of wastewater discharge have been further controlled, and the textual results of city environment amount are excellent.
The prosperity of tourism in Xuhui converges ability, wisdom and verve of the forefathers. According to the legend, in 3rd century on Chiwu years of Wu Dynasty, people built Longhua Temple; in the late Yuan Dynasty and the early Ming Dynasty, Huang Daopo, a famous renovator of the cotton spinning technology in our country, studied and renovated the cotton spinning technology, then returned to Shanghai to spread it. It is the reason Shanghai becomes national center of the cotton spinning and the Huang Daopo’s tomb located in Huajing town of Xuhui District records the history. As a scientist in Ming Dynasty, Xu Guangqi studied and introduced scientific civilization of the West into China, which lays a foundation for the development of science & technology in modern history. And the place he and his later generations inhabited was called as “Xujiahui”. The buildings and cultures old Xuhuinese left over in each age form special go-aheadism and culture trait. Longhua Temple and Longhua Pagoda are the symbols of historical cultures and sightseeing tourism of Xuhui District. The old Longhua Temple, a Buddhist jungle existing in Shanghai with the longest history and the largest scales, maintains the Buddha Zen’s monastically seven-hall system of Song Dynasty and shows its intact scales. Longhua Pagoda with the majestic appearance is glittering and translucent under the lamplight, just like the paradise. Therefore, the grand Longhua Tourist City emerges as the times demand: the buildings in Southern Chinese styles with white walls and black tiles blends the porch bridges, old stages, memorial gateways, twisting water, weeping willows, peach blossoms, dragon walls and stele booths, which flows the dense folk-custom taste. It also gathers cultures of religion, history, folk-custom and tradition. The tourist city with functions of catering, sheltering, traveling, sightseeing, shopping and entertainment, and the neighboring Xujiahui Plaza and Shanghai Sports City consist of the large-scale urban tourist scenic spots. The streets of Hengshan Road inspissate the modern history of Shanghai. The celebrities have left the glorious west-styled houses of former days, but the former residences are still there. The noises of a century freeze here and the footsteps of the modern city could not disturb the serenity. Phoenix trees on Hengshan Road grow into sky like clouds. The street lamplights and decoration lamps of the buildings are beautiful and pleasant. Foreign and domestic tourists are attracted by the atmosphere full of human interest made by tearooms, pubs and restaurants with different tastes. In the early time of 1990s, Xuhui District successively resumes and originates four celebrating activities of tourist festivals such as Longhua Temple Fair, the Ceremony of “Tolling the Longhua Evening Bell” on every New Years Eve, Shanghai Sweet-scented Osmanthus Festival and Peony Festival. Celebrating activities for tourist festivals are very busy, springing the heated notes of urban tourism. Longhua Temple Fair with the history of more than 400 years is held annually on March 3 of Chinese traditional calendar in Longhua ancient town, and it has become the best temple fairs in south China. Shanghai Sweet-scented Osmanthus Festival is held annually before or after the Mid-autumn Festival in Guilin Park and Kangjian Park full of cherry baytrees, and the most attracting program is to visit the parks and enjoy the sweet-scented osmanthus.
The name of Xuhui District was named after the famous scientist Xu Guangqi in the late Ming Dynasty when he engaged in scientific and technical studies here. Therefore, Xuhui has become one of the cradlelands of scientific and technical exchanges between China and the West since Shanghai dock was opened. Nowadays, in Xuhui District, the atmosphere of scientific and technical innovation is dense; scientific and technical enterprises develop prosperously; science & technology parks are filled with vital force. In the district, there are more than 100 scientific research institutes and colleges & universities, hundreds of thousands of scientific and technical talented people, and countless great achievements of the scientific and technical inventions. All of these above-mentioned together with the rich and comprehensive strengths are transforming into a new momentum for the economic growth of the district. In the spatial layout of the development of science & technology industry, hiberarchy is clearly and emphases are standing out. The constructions of Xujiahui Science & Technology Intensive Area and Shanghai Jiao Tong University Science Park, Fudan Fenglin Science Park, and the projects of knowledge innovation of Chinese Academy of Sciencs Shanghai Branch have begun; Caohejing Hi-Tech Park develops together with Xuhui Park; the construction projects of Huajing Industrial Park and Science Park of East China University of Science & Technology are gradually emerging. A great number of science & technology enterprises have settled because of the attraction of Xuhui Software Base, incubation bases for science & technology enterprises and various industrialization bases. Furthermore, Xuhui Software Base is authorized by the Ministry of Science & Technology as a national software park, which is the core to drive the development of software industrial gatherings in Xujiahui. Xuhui District has become a paradise for scientific and technical exploiters. Municipal hi-tech enterprises, new products of national emphases, and transferring projects of hi-tech achievements etc. all come out top in the city. The constant gatherings of hi-tech enterprises emerge, such as information and biomedicines enterprises, etc. Nongovernmental scientific and technical enterprises are becoming a new economic growth point and new trend of the regional economy. There are lots of science & technology talented people in Xuhui District. The work of the institute was activated and promoted through organizing Xuhui District Engineer Institute, Technology Intermediary Institute, Software Instituen, ect.. Through public appraisal, the Xuhui District has chosen and awarded the Xu Guangqi Science & Technology Medal for two times, and respecting knowledge and talented people becomes common practice.
The Xuhui District is an advanced district for culture and education. There are 32 non-full-time institutions of higher education and 12 full-time junior colleges such as Jiao Tong University, East China University of Science & Technology, Medical College Fudan University, Shanghai Normal University, etc. The fundamental education of Xuhui District is coming out top in Shanghai. There are 73 kindergartens, 62 primary schools, 52 common high schools and 7 senior high schools. The high schools include Nanyang Model High School, Weiyu High School, Shanghai High School and other municipal and district key schools. The favorable educational conditions and rich teachers’ resources insure the higher teaching quality in Xuhui District. Xuhui now has cultural groups and sports gymnasium in numerous cultural, sports and religious locations, including Shanghai Film Studio, Shanghai Symphony Orchestra, Shanghai Perking Opera Theater and other literature groups; the world-famous Shanghai Library, one of the top 10 libraries in the world, and Xujiahui Library; Shanghai Eighty Thousand People Sports Center, Shanghai Stadium, Shanghai Swimming Stadium and Shanghai International Tennis Center. And in Xuhui, per capita area of the stadium exceeds the 25.5% of the average of Shanghai. The Xuhui District has become the center for Shanghai religious activities because of many religious locations such as Longhua Temple, and Longhua Pagoda first built in Dongwu Period during the Three Kingdoms Period, Xujiahui Catholic Church, with the name of “the No.1 church in Far East”, Hengshan Road International Church, and Orthodox St. Mary's Church on Xinyue Road, etc. There are more than 100 national and municipal scientific research institutes with Chinese Academy of Sciences and Shanghai Academy of Science as representatives in the leading, a passel of scientific research institutes of senior college with Shanghai Jiao Tong University in the leading, the national Caohejing Hi-Tech Park and 88 new as representatives. And the development system on production, study and research has initially taken shape. The rich strengthen of scientific research provides great wisdom supporting for the sustainable development of Xuhui District. Xuhui has a respectively low population density in the center of the city zone where one in every 5.5 people has accepted senior education. The numerous scientists, writers, artists and senior managers famous internal & external gather in Xuhui, and academicians in Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering living in Xuhui account for 42.5% of all academicians in Shanghai.
(1) The region of “Two Circles and One Line” The region of “Two Circles and One Line”, which is composed of Xujiahui commercial circle, Huaihai Middle Road commercial circle and Zhaojiabang Road Commercial Avenue, is the core of the development of modern service industries in Xuhui District. The key developments include modern services of different kinds: financial service, information consultation, technical service, professional intermediary service and other professional institutions of lawyers, accountants and capital assessors, etc. Create top-ranking investment environments; actively attract multinational corporations and domestic large-scale enterprises to centralize their headquarters and regional headquarters here. (2) Caohejing Hi-Tech Park Take advantage of existing electronic information industry predominance of Caohejing Hi-Tech Park to strengthen region-to-region cooperation and develop services related to the high and new-technologies such as information consultation, information technology service and venture capital. (3) The Region of Shanghai South Railway Station Mainly develop services on modern logistics commercial catering, tourist collection and distribution, business consultation, holiday hotel and leasing, etc. (4) The region along the lines of Huangpu River and Bin Jiang (Xuhui Section) According to the requirements of function positioning and regional layout, develop the services on commerce service, tourist, leisure and entertainment etc.; construct international education area, and develop the correlative service industries with education. (5)Shanghai Sports City, Longhua Tourist Area and Shanghai Everbright Convention & Exhibition Center Shanghai Sports City mainly develops the service industries of sports body-building entertainment, sports trademark monopolization and sports competing performance, etc. Longhua Tourist Area lays emphases on combining excellent tradition, folk-custom and religious cultures with the urban tourism of modern times, developing the tourism with excellent tradition, folk-custom, and religious cultures and the programs of large-scale catering. Shanghai Everbright Convention & Exhibition Center centralizes the service industries of exhibition companies, advertising companies, exhibition travel agencies and catering entertainment industries, etc. (6)Residential Community Give priority to every street and town; mainly develop chain and brandization services such as convenience stores, drugstores, fast-food restaurants, laundering and dyeing shops, beauty and hairdressing parlours and other services closely related to residents’ daily lives; mainly develop newly emerged community services of sanitary, greenery, conservation of communal facilities, leasing of apartments and audio-video products, housekeeping services, training of non-compulsory education, etc. and relatively centralized regions for community services.